Altered sphingolipid metabolism in multidrug-resistant ovarian cancer cells is due to uncoupling of glycolipid biosynthesis in the Golgi apparatus

RJ Veldman, K Klappe, J Hinrichs, [No Value] Hummel, G van der Schaaf, H Sietsma, JW Kok

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Abstract

Multidrug-resistant tumor cells display enhanced levels of glucosylceramide. In this study, we investigated how this relates to the overall sphingolipid composition of multidrug-resistant ovarian carcinoma cells and which mechanisms are responsible for adapted sphingolipid metabolism. We found in multidrug-resistant cells substantially lower levels of lactosylceramide and gangliosides in sharp contrast to glucosylceramide, galactosylceramide, and sphingomyelin levels. This indicates a block in the glycolipid biosynthetic pathway at the level of lactosylceramide formation, with concomitant accumulation of glucosylceramide. A series of observations exclude regulation at the enzyme level as the underlying mechanism. First, reduced lactosylceramide formation occurred only in intact resistant cells whereas cell-free activity of lactosylceramide synthase was higher compared with the parental cells. Second, the level of lactosylceramide synthase gene expression was equal in both phenotypes. Third, glucosylceramide synthase (mRNA and protein) expression and activity were equal or lower in resistant cells. Based on the kinetics of sphingolipid metabolism, the observation that brefeldin A does not restore lactosylceramide synthesis, and altered localization of lactosylceramide synthase fused to green fluorescent protein, we conclude that lactosylceramide biosynthesis is highly uncoupled from glucosylceramide biosynthesis in the Golgi apparatus of resistant cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1111-+
Number of pages29
JournalThe FASEB Journal
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2002

Keywords

  • lactosylceramide
  • glucosylceramide
  • gangliosides
  • P-glycoprotein
  • brefeldin A
  • CELLULAR CERAMIDE FORMATION
  • MDR2 P-GLYCOPROTEIN
  • SDZ PSC 833
  • PLASMA-MEMBRANE
  • BREFELDIN-A
  • IN-VITRO
  • GLYCOSPHINGOLIPID SYNTHESIS
  • GLUCOSYLCERAMIDE SYNTHASE
  • TRANSPORT
  • PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE

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