Alternative Arterial Access Routes for Endovascular Thrombectomy in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Study from the MR CLEAN Registry

MR CLEAN Registry Investigators, Sabine L Collette*, Elke A van de Ven, Gert-Jan R Luijckx, Hester F Lingsma, Pieter Jan van Doormaal, Adriaan C G M van Es, Ido R van den Wijngaard, Robert-Jan B Goldhoorn, Jan Cees de Groot, Wim H van Zwam, Charles B L M Majoie, Diederik W J Dippel, Reinoud P H Bokkers, Maarten Uyttenboogaart

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) through femoral access is difficult to perform in some patients with acute ischemic stroke due to challenging vasculature. We compared outcomes of EVT through femoral versus alternative arterial access.

Methods: In this observational study, we included patients from the MR CLEAN Registry who underwent EVT for acute ischemic stroke in the anterior circulation between 2014 and 2019 in the Netherlands. Patients who underwent EVT through alternative and femoral access were matched on propensity scores in a 1:3 ratio. The primary endpoint was favorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score ≤ 2) at 90 days. Secondary endpoints were early neurologic recovery, mortality, successful intracranial reperfusion and puncture related complications.

Results: Of the 5197 included patients, 17 patients underwent EVT through alternative access and were matched to 48 patients who underwent EVT through femoral access. Alternative access was obtained through the common carotid artery (n = 15/17) and brachial artery (n = 2/17). Favorable functional outcome was less often observed after EVT through alternative than femoral access (18% versus 27%; aOR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.05-2.74). The rate of successful intracranial reperfusion was higher for alternative than femoral access (88% versus 58%), although mortality (59% versus 31%) and puncture related complications (29% versus 0%) were more common after alternative access.

Conclusions: EVT through alternative arterial access is rarely performed in the Netherlands and seems to be associated with worse outcomes than standard femoral access. A next step would be to compare the additional value of EVT through alternative arterial access after failure of femoral access.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3257
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2-May-2023

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