Ambient temperature effects on the spring and autumn somatic growth trajectory show plasticity in the photoneuroendocrine response pathway in the tundra vole

Mattis Jayme van Dalum*, Laura van Rosmalen, Daniel Appenroth, Fernando Cazarez Marquez, Renzo T.M. Roodenrijs, Lauren de Wit, Roelof A. Hut, David G. Hazlerigg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Seasonal mammals register photoperiodic changes through the photoneuroendocrine system enabling them to time seasonal changes in growth, metabolism, and reproduction. To a varying extent, proximate environmental factors like ambient temperature (Ta) modulate timing of seasonal changes in physiology, conferring adaptive flexibility. While the molecular photoneuroendocrine pathway governing the seasonal responses is well defined, the mechanistic integration of nonphotoperiodic modulatory cues is poorly understood. Here, we explored the interaction between Ta and photoperiod in tundra voles, Microtus oeconomus, a boreal species in which the main impact of photoperiod is on postnatal somatic growth. We demonstrate that postweaning growth potential depends on both gestational and postweaning patterns of photoperiodic exposure, with the highest growth potential seen in voles experiencing short (8 h) gestational and long (16 h) postweaning photoperiods—corresponding to a spring growth program. Modulation by Ta was asymmetric: low Ta (10 °C) enhanced the growth potential of voles gestated on short photoperiods independent of postweaning photoperiod exposure, whereas in voles gestated on long photoperiods, showing a lower autumn-programmed growth potential, the effect of Ta was highly dependent on postweaning photoperiod. Analysis of the primary molecular elements involved in the expression of a neuroendocrine response to photoperiod, thyrotropin beta subunit (tshβ) in the pars tuberalis, somatostatin (srif) in the arcuate nucleus, and type 2/3 deiodinase (dio2/dio3) in the mediobasal hypothalamus identified dio2 as the most Ta-sensitive gene across the study, showing increased expression at higher Ta, while higher Ta reduced somatostatin expression. Contrastingly dio3 and tshβ were largely insensitive to Ta. Overall, these observations reveal a complex interplay between Ta and photoperiodic control of postnatal growth in M. oeconomus, and suggest that integration of Ta into the control of growth occurs downstream of the primary photoperiodic response cascade revealing potential adaptivity of small herbivores facing rising temperatures at high latitudes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586–600
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Rhythms
Volume38
Issue number6
Early online date11-Aug-2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2023

Keywords

  • deiodinase
  • hypothalamus
  • maternal photoperiodic programming
  • Microtus oeconomus
  • pars tuberalis
  • photoperiodic neuroendocrine system
  • seasonality
  • temperature
  • testosterone and somatic growth
  • thyroid signaling
  • tundra vole

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