An efficient low-density grating setup for monochromatization of XUV ultrafast light sources

Qinda Guo, Maciej Dendzik, Magnus H. Berntsen, Antonija Grubisic-Cabo, Cong Li, Wanyu Chen, Yang Wang, Oscar Tjernberg

Research output: Working paperPreprintAcademic

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Ultrafast light sources have become an indispensable tool to access and understand transient phenomenon in material science. However, a simple and easy-to-implement method for harmonic
selection, with high transmission efficiency and pulse duration conservation, is still a challenge. Here we showcase and compare two approaches for selecting the desired harmonic from a high
harmonic generation source while achieving the above goals. The first approach is the combination of extreme ultraviolet spherical mirrors with transmission filters and the second approach uses a
normal-incidence spherical grating. Both solutions target time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy with photon energies in the 10-20 eV range but are relevant for other experimental techniques as well. The two approaches for harmonic selection are characterized in terms of focusing quality, efficiency, and temporal broadening. It is demonstrated that a focusing
grating is able to provide much higher transmission as compared to the mirror+filter approach (3.3 times higher for 10.8 eV and 12.9 times higher for 18.1 eV), with only a slight temporal
broadening (6.8% increase) and a somewhat larger spot size (∼30% increase). Overall, our study establishes an experimental perspective on the trade-off between a single grating normal
incidence monochromator design and the use of filters. As such, it provides a basis for selecting the most appropriate approach in various fields where an easy-to-implement harmonic selection
from high harmonic generation is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
Publication statusSubmitted - 14-Oct-2022

Publication series

PublisherCornell University Press
ISSN (Print)2331-8422

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