An evaluation of the Fe-N phase diagram considering long-range order of N atoms in gamma'-Fe4N1-x and epsilon-Fe2N1-z

BJ Kooi*, MAJ Somers, EJ Mittemeijer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The chemical potential of nitrogen was described asa function of nitrogen content for the Fe-N phases alpha-FE[N], gamma'-Fe4N1-x, and epsilon-Fe2N1-x. For alpha-Fe[N], an ideal random distribution of the nitrogen atoms over the octahedral interstices of the bcc iron lattice was assumed; for gamma'-Fe4N1-x and epsilon-Fe2N1-x, the occurrence of a long-range ordered distribution of the nitrogen atoms over the octahedral interstices of the close packed iron sublattices (fcc and hcp, respectively) was taken into account. The theoretical expressions were fitted to nitrogen-absorption isotherm data for the three Fe-N phases. The alpha/alpha + gamma', alpha + gamma'/gamma', gamma'/gamma' + epsilon, and gamma' + epsilon/epsilon phase boundaries in the Fe-N phase diagram were calculated from combining the quantitative descriptions for the absorption isotherms with the known composition of NH3/H-2 gas mixtures in equilibrium with coexisting alpha and gamma' phases and in equilibrium with coexisting gamma' and epsilon phases. Comparison of the present phase boundaries with experimental data and previously calculated phase boundaries showed a major improvement as compared to the previously calculated Fe-N phase diagrams, where long-range order for the nitrogen atoms in the gamma' and epsilon phases was not accounted for.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1071
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr-1996


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