Different bioinks have been used to produce cell-laden alginate-based hydrogel constructs for cell replacement therapy but some of these approaches suffer from issues with print quality, long-term mechanical instability, and bioincompatibility. In this study, new alginate-based bioinks were developed to produce cell-laden grid-shaped hydrogel constructs with stable integrity and immunomodulating capacity. Integrity and printability were improved by including the co-block-polymer Pluronic F127 in alginate solutions. To reduce inflammatory responses, pectin with a low degree of methylation was included and tested for inhibition of Toll-Like Receptor 2/1 (TLR2/1) dimerization and activation and tissue responses under the skin of mice. The viscoelastic properties of alginate-Pluronic constructs were unaffected by pectin incorporation. The tested pectin protected printed insulin-producing MIN6 cells from inflammatory stress as evidenced by higher numbers of surviving cells within the pectin-containing construct following exposure to a cocktail of the pro-inflammatory cytokines namely, IL-1β, IFN-γ, and TNF-α. The results suggested that the cell-laden construct bioprinted with pectin-alginate-Pluronic bioink reduced tissue responses via inhibiting TLR2/1 and support insulin-producing β-cell survival under inflammatory stress. Our study provides a potential novel strategy to improve long-term survival of pancreatic islet grafts for Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) treatment.
|Number of pages
|Materials science & engineering c-Biomimetic and supramolecular systems
|Published - Apr-2021