AN IN-VIVO STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE SURFACE-ROUGHNESS OF IMPLANTS ON THE MICROBIOLOGY OF SUPRAGINGIVAL AND SUBGINGIVAL PLAQUE

M QUIRYNEN*, HC VANDERMEI, CML BOLLEN, A SCHOTTE, M MARECHAL, GI DOORNBUSCH, [No Value] NAERT, HJ BUSSCHER, D VANSTEENBERGHE

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In nine patients with fixed prostheses supported by endosseous titanium implants, 2 titanium abutments (transmucosal part of the implant) were replaced by either an unused standard abutment or a roughened titanium abutment. After 3 months of habitual oral hygiene, plaque samples were taken for differential phase-contrast microscopy, DNA probe analysis, and culturing.

Supragingivally, rough abutments harbored significantly fewer coccoid micro-organisms (64 us. 81%), which is indicative of a more mature plaque. Subgingivally, the observations depended on the sampling procedure. For plaque collected with paper points, only minor qualitative and quantitative differences between both substrata could be registered. However, when the microbiota adhering to the abutment were considered, rough surfaces harbored 25 times more bacteria, with a slightly lower density of coccoid organisms. The presence and density of periodontal pathogens subgingivally were, however, more related to the patient's dental status than to the surface characteristics of the abutments. These results justify the search for optimal surface smoothness for all intra-oral and intra-sulcular hard surfaces for reduction of bacterial colonization and of periodontal pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1309
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume72
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep-1993

Keywords

  • ACTINOBACILLUS-ACTINOMYCETEMCOMITANS
  • ORAL STREPTOCOCCI
  • CULTURAL METHODS
  • FREE-ENERGY
  • DNA PROBE
  • ADHERENCE
  • ADHESION
  • INVITRO
  • SULCUS
  • SITES

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