BACKGROUND: Biplanar anterolateral proximal tibial opening wedge osteotomy has been described as successful for patients with combined recurvatum and valgus alignment. As it is a correction in two planes, it is a technically demanding procedure. We report the use of a novel technique with patient specific instrumentation (PSI) guides for different steps, aiming to reduce the complexity of this procedure.
METHODS: One patient was treated for genu valgum recurvatum. A virtual surgical plan was made. A two-step PSI approach was used, consisting of an osteotomy guide and a repositioning guide and a custom trial wedges.
RESULTS: Follow-up showed full function and improved VAS and KOOS scores. A neutral alignment was achieved. There was 2.76 degrees less varus compared to pre-operative planning, 1.24 degrees of excess slope and a rotational difference of 0.10 degrees. Saw plane accuracy was within 1 mm.
CONCLUSIONS: PSI is a recent technical addition to HTOs as a modality to improve accuracy and reduce surgical complexity. Pre-planning and PSI use in an anterolateral opening wedge PTO allowed for an accurate and reproducible biplanar correction in genu valgum recurvatum. Accuracy was comparable to PSI use in lateral open wedge high tibial osteotomies.