Anthropogenic soil formation and agricultural history of the open fields of Valthe (Drenthe, the Netherlands) in mediaeval and early modern times

D. G. van Smeerdijk, T. Spek, Maja J. Kooistra

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    An interdisciplinary study on anthropogenic arable soils in the Dutch Province of Drenthe resulted in valuable information on reclamation history, soil formation and arable farming in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times. This paper describes a genetic typology of Drenthe plaggen soils, based on the occurrence of fossil plough layers. Five stages of open-field reclamation could be reconstructed and dated. Palaeo-ecological and micromorphological research showed that the oldest reclamations were carried out on brown podzolic soils supporting oak and hazel forest. Medieval crop rotations included spring cereals (barley, oat, rye), winter cereals (rye) and fallow.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNeogene and Quaternary geology of North-West Europe
    Subtitle of host publicationcontributions on the occasion of Waldo H. Zagwijn's retirement
    PublisherRijks Geologische Dienst
    Number of pages29
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Publication series

    NameMededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst

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