Nonmyeloablative regimens are used for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) of older or medically unfit patients, but successful outcome is still hindered by graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), especially in the setting of HLA-mismatched HCT. New GVHD prophylaxis strategies are emerging, including the triple drug strategy, that improve the GVHD-free and relapse-free survival (GRFS). Because the impact of ATG in HLA-mismatched Flu-TBI-based nonmyeloablative HCT has not been investigated, we did a retrospective analysis in three Dutch centers. 67 patients were evaluable, with a median age of 56 years. Overall survival, relapse-free survival and GRFS at 4 years were 52%, 43%, and 38%, respectively. NRM findings and cumulative incidence of relapse at 4 years were 26% and 31%, respectively. At 1-year grade II-IV had occurred in 40% of the patients, and the incidence of moderate-severe chronic GVHD incidence was 16%. Acknowledging the limitations of retrospective analyses, we conclude that the use of ATG for HLA-mismatched truly nonmyeloablative Flu-TBI HCT is feasible and results in acceptable long term outcomes, especially with regards to GRFS. We consider ATG in combination with cyclosporin and mycophenolate mofetil as an alternative for the triple drug strategy that uses sirolimus for GVHD prophylaxis in this particular setting.
- HEMATOPOIETIC-CELL TRANSPLANTATION