Anticoagulant Management and Synthesis of Hemostatic Proteins during Machine Preservation of Livers for Transplantation

Shanice A. Karangwa, Ton Lisman, Robert J. Porte*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Liver transplantation remains the only curative treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease. Despite a steadily increasing demand for suitable donor livers, the current pool of donor organs fails to meet this demand. To resolve this discrepancy, livers traditionally considered to be of suboptimal quality and function are increasingly utilized. These marginal livers, however, are less tolerant to the current standard cold preservation of donor organs. Therefore, alternative preservation methods have been sought and are progressively applied into clinical practice. Ex situ machine perfusion is a promising alternative preservation modality particularly for suboptimal donor livers as it provides the ability to resuscitate, recondition, and test the viability of an organ prior to transplantation. This review addresses the modalities of machine perfusion currently being applied, and particularly focuses on the hemostatic management employed during machine perfusion. We discuss the anticoagulant agents used, the variation in dosage, and administration, as well as the implications of perfusion for extended periods of time in terms of coagulation activation associated with production of coagulation factors during perfusion. Furthermore, in regard to viability testing of an organ prior to transplantation, we discuss the possibilities and limitations of utilizing the synthesis of liver-derived coagulation factors as potential viability markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-750
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in thrombosis and hemostasis
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2020

Keywords

  • liver transplantation
  • machine perfusion
  • coagulation
  • fibrinolysis
  • anticoagulant agent
  • DONOR LIVERS
  • DECLINED LIVER
  • OXYGEN CARRIER
  • COLD-STORAGE
  • PERFUSION
  • VIABILITY
  • SYSTEM
  • INJURY
  • MODEL

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