Antifibrotic effect of Ac-SDKP and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in hypertension

S Rasoul, OA Carretero, HM Peng, MA Cavasin, JL Zhuo, A Sanchez-Mendoza, DR Brigstock, NE Rhaleb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) is a potent natural inhibitor of hematopoietic stem cell proliferation which is degraded mainly by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). In vitro, Ac-SDKP inhibits collagen production by cardiac fibroblasts; while in vivo it blocks collagen deposition in the left ventricle (LV) of rats with hypertension or myocardial infarction (MI). In addition, it reportedly prevents and reverses macrophage infiltration in the LV of rats with MI. We tested the hypothesis that when Ac-SDKP is infused at doses that cause plasma concentrations similar to those observed after ACE inhibition, it mimics the anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects of ACE inhibitors (ACEi) in the heart, and, further, that these effects are independent of changes in blood pressure.

Design and methods Rats were divided into five groups: (1) controls, (2) Ang II (750 mug/kg per day, s.c.), (3) Ang II + captopril (100 mg/kg per day in drinking water), (4) Ang II + Ac-SDKP (400 mug/kg per day, s.c.), and (5) Ang II + Ac-SDKP (800 mug/kg per day, s.c.). We measured LV cell proliferation, inflammatory cell infiltration, cytokine expression, hypertrophy and fibrosis.

Results Plasma Ac-SDKP was five-fold higher in rats given ACEi and four- and ten-fold higher in rats given 400 and 800 mug/kg per day Ac-SDKP, respectively. ACEi significantly decreased Ang II-induced cell proliferation (Ki-67), LV macrophage/mast cell infiltration, transforming growth factor-beta, connective tissue growth factor and collagen deposition without affecting hypertension, LV hypertrophy or myocyte cross-sectional area, and these effects were mimicked by exogenous Ac-SDKP (400 mug/kg per day) which raised plasma Ac-SDKP to levels similar to ACEi BP was not decreased by either ACEi or Ac-SDKP.

Conclusions We concluded that Ac-SDKP may be an important mediator of the anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects of ACEi in hypertension independent of its hemodynamic effects. (C) 2004 Lippincott Williams Wilkins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-603
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2004

Keywords

  • N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP)
  • angiotensin
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
  • collagen
  • heart
  • hypertension
  • inflammation
  • ASPARTYL-LYSYL-PROLINE
  • STEM-CELL PROLIFERATION
  • TISSUE GROWTH-FACTOR
  • RAT CARDIAC FIBROBLASTS
  • MAST-CELLS
  • MYOCARDIAL FIBROSIS
  • TGF-BETA
  • COLLAGEN DEPOSITION
  • INFLAMMATORY CELLS
  • NEGATIVE REGULATOR

Cite this