Anxiety and Avoidance in Adults and Childhood Trauma Are Associated with Negative Religious Coping

Alice Kosarkova*, Klara Malinakova, Jitse P. van Dijk, Peter Tavel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Religion as a coping strategy is mostly connected with positive health outcomes. Yet, negative religious coping (NRC) has been associated with rather negative outcomes that affect one's health. The aim of this study was to explore whether insecure adult attachment and childhood trauma are associated with higher NRC. A sample of Czech adults (n= 531, 51.1 +/- 17.2 years; 43.5% men) participated in a survey. As measures, the NRC subscale of the Brief RCOPE, the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised questionnaire, and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) were used. From the whole sample, 23.7% respondents reported higher NRC. Respondents with higher anxiety in close relationships were more likely to use negative coping strategies, with an odds ratios (OR) of 1.27 (95% confidence interval 1.01-1.59). Similarly, avoidance was associated with negative coping OR = 1.41 (1.13-1.75). Moreover, each subscale of the CTQ-SF revealed a significant association with high summary NRC. Respondents who reported physical neglect scored highest on summary NRC with OR = 1.50 (1.23-1.83) after controlling for sociodemographic variables, but also for anxiety and depression. Our findings support the idea that childhood trauma experience and adult attachment style are associated with higher use of NRC strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5147
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2020

Keywords

  • negative religious coping
  • childhood trauma
  • attachment anxiety
  • attachment avoidance
  • BRIEF SYMPTOM INVENTORY
  • ILL ELDERLY-PATIENTS
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • CZECH VERSION
  • ATTACHMENT
  • GOD
  • VALIDATION
  • SPIRITUALITY
  • ADOLESCENCE
  • PATTERNS

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