Apolipoprotein E predicts incident cardiovascular disease risk in women but not in men with concurrently high levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and C-reactive protein

James P. Corsetti*, Ron T. Gansevoort, Stephan J. L. Bakker, GerJan Navis, Charles E. Sparks, Robin P. F. Dullaart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although there is great interest in the notion that dysfunctional transformation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) facilitates development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD), few studies in human populations directly address this issue. As apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a constituent of HDL thought to be important for HDL antiatherogenic function, we sought to assess the role of apoE in CVD risk in subjects likely to display dysfunctional transformation of HDL. Association of apoE levels with incident CVD risk was investigated using Cox multivariable proportional hazards modeling. Analyses were performed in subgroups of women and men likely to display dysfunctional transformation of HDL deriving from previous subgroup identification based upon defining characteristics of concurrently high levels of HDL cholesterol and systemic inflammation as reflected by high C-reactive protein levels. Results revealed apoE levels (dichotomized as highest quartile vs combined 3 lowest quartiles) as predicting subgroup risk in women (hazard ratio, 4.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-19.12; P = .040) but not in men. Further sex differences were manifested in terms of the relationship of apoE levels with age. Analysis revealed positive correlation of apoE levels with age in women (r = 0.47, P <.0001) but not in men (r = 0.04, P = .43). Apolipoprotein E levels predict incident CVD risk in women with high levels of HDL cholesterol and C-reactive protein but not in men. Future studies should be oriented toward investigations of apoE as related to multiplicity of HDL functionality and toward assessment of potential roles for apoE in dysfunctional transformation of HDL. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)996-1002
Number of pages7
JournalMetabolism
Volume61
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2012

Keywords

  • ELEVATED HDL CHOLESTEROL
  • ISCHEMIC-HEART-DISEASE
  • ENDOTHELIAL LIPASE
  • POSTINFARCTION PATIENTS
  • INFLAMMATION
  • ATHEROSCLEROSIS
  • METABOLISM
  • HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA
  • POPULATION
  • PARADOX

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