Arthroscopic isolated long head of biceps tenotomy in patients with degenerative rotator cuff tears: mid-term clinical results and prognostic factors

Egbert J D Veen, Ashvin V Boeddha, Ronald L Diercks, Ydo V Kleinlugtenbelt, Ellie B M Landman, Cornelis T Koorevaar

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The long head of biceps tendon is frequently involved in degenerative rotator cuff tears. Therefore, this study explored the clinical results of an isolated biceps tenotomy and identified prognostic factors for improvement in pain and function.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2017, an arthroscopic isolated biceps tenotomy was performed on 64 patients with a degenerative rotator cuff tear (> 65 years). Primary outcome was patient-perceived improvement in pain and function. Potential prognostic factors for improvement in pain and function were identified.

RESULTS: A perceived improvement in pain was reported in 78% of the patients at three months after surgery and in 75% at a mean follow-up of 4.2 years (1-7 years; n = 55). A perceived improvement in function was observed in 49% of patients at three months and in 76% of patients at follow-up. Patients with a preoperatively normal acromiohumeral distance (> 10 mm) reported an improvement in pain and function significantly more often. Retraction of the supraspinatus tendon Patte 3 was significantly associated with worse functional outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: A biceps tenotomy can be a reliable treatment option for patients with symptomatic degenerative cuff tears who fail conservative treatment and have a normal acromiohumeral distance (> 10 mm).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441–448
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean journal of orthopaedic surgery & traumatology : orthopedie traumatologie
Volume31
Early online date10-Sep-2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2021

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