Aspects of self differ among physically active and inactive youths

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Abstract

The aim of this paper was to explore connection between aspects of self and levels of physical activity among adolescents.

An international sample of 501 elementary school students (mean age 14.7 +/- A 0.9 years, 48.5% males) from the Slovak and Czech Republics completed the Self-competence/Self-liking Scale, the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale, the Self-efficacy Scale and a question on their physical activity. Respondents were divided into three groups: (1) no physical activity; (2) infrequent physical activity; (3) everyday physical activity. Data were explored with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) separately for each gender.

Boys with no physical activity had lower self-liking and social self-efficacy in comparison with boys with everyday physical activity. Girls with no physical activity had lower positive self-esteem, self-liking, self-competence, general and social self-efficacy and higher negative self-esteem in comparison with girls with infrequent and everyday physical activity.

Regular physical activity is connected with psychological aspects of self among adolescents, especially girls. Incorporating physical activity into the life of youths on a regular basis might lead to the enhancement of their feelings of self-worth and self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-318
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2011

Keywords

  • Self-esteem
  • Self-efficacy
  • Physical activity
  • Adolescence
  • Gender
  • ESTEEM SCALE
  • HEALTH
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • SCHOOL
  • GIRLS
  • VALIDATION
  • PROMOTION
  • EFFICACY
  • BEHAVIOR
  • LINKS

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