Assessing comprehension and production of verbs and sentences: The Verb and Sentence Test (VAST)

Y.R.M. Bastiaanse, S. Edwards, E Maas, J.E. Rispens

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Abstract

Background : In this paper we present a new aphasia test for the asessment of comprehension and production of verbs and sentences, the Verb and Sentence Test (VAST). A description is given of selected theories underlying the construction of the test, the diagnostic properties, and how results from the test can be used to motivate therapy.

Methods & Procedures : Information about the construction and standardisation of the VAST is provided. Justification for item selection and results obtained from 80 non-aphasic and 25 aphasic subjects are described. Details are given of the discriminative power of each task, and validity and reliability are discussed.

Results : Data from the subjects demonstrate that the VAST effectively discriminates between the aphasic and non-aphasic population and between different types of verb and sentence deficits. Case studies are given to illustrate these points.

Conclusions : The VAST provides a reliable research and clinical tool for the assessment of comprehension and production of verbs and sentences, and gives clear directions for treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-73
Number of pages25
JournalAphasiology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • SPONTANEOUS SPEECH
  • APHASIA THERAPY
  • FLUENT APHASIA
  • ANEMIC APHASIA
  • RETRIEVAL
  • BROCAS
  • PARAGRAMMATISMS
  • AGRAMMATISM
  • CATEGORIES
  • NEUROLOGY

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