Assessing nutritional status in cancer: Role of the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment

Harriet Jager-Wittenaar*, Faith D. Ottery

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

    85 Citations (Scopus)
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    Purpose of review: The Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) is used internationally as the reference method for proactive risk assessment (screening), assessment, monitoring and triaging for interventions in patients with cancer. This review aims to explain the rationale behind and data supporting the PG-SGA, and to provide an overview of recent developments in the utilization of the PG-SGA and the PG-SGA Short Form.

    Recent findings: The PG-SGA was designed in the context of a paradigm known as 'anabolic competence'. Uniquely, the PG-SGA evaluates the patient's status as a dynamic rather than static process. The PG-SGA has received new attention, particularly as a screening instrument for nutritional risk or deficit, identifying treatable impediments and guiding patients and professionals in triaging for interdisciplinary interventions. The international use of the PG-SGA indicates a critical need for high-quality and linguistically validated translations of the PG-SGA.

    Summary: As a 4-in-1 instrument, the PG-SGA can streamline clinic work flow and improve the quality of interaction between the clinician and the patient. The availability of multiple high-quality language versions of the PG-SGA enables the inclusion of the PG-SGA in international multicenter studies, facilitating meta-analysis and benchmarking across countries.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)322-329
    Number of pages8
    JournalCurrent opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Sep-2017


    • anabolic competence
    • malnutrition
    • nutritional assessment
    • Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment
    • screening

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