Assessing the perspective of well-being of older patients with multiple morbidities by using the LAVA tool-a person-centered approach

B. Wild*, V. S. Wurmbach, F. Boehlen, M. K. -P. Kusch, H. M. Seidling, P. Reich, M. Hartmann, W. E. Haefeli, H. C. Friederich, J. Slaets

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Background Older patients with multiple morbidities are a particularly vulnerable population that is likely to face complex medical decisions at some time in their lives. A patient-centered medical care fosters the inclusion of the patients' perspectives, priorities, and complaints into clinical decision making. Methods This article presents a short and non-normative assessment tool to capture the priorities and problems of older patients. The so-called LAVA ("Life and Vitality Assessment") tool was developed for practical use in seniors in the general population and for residents in nursing homes in order to gain more knowledge about the patients themselves as well as to facilitate access to the patients. The LAVA tool conceptualizes well-being from the perspectives of older individuals themselves rather than from the perspectives of outside individuals. Results The LAVA tool is graphically presented and the assessment is explained in detail. Exemplarily, the outcomes of the assessments with the LAVA of three multimorbid older patients are presented and discussed. In each case, the assessment pointed out resources as well as at least one problem area, rated as very important by the patients themselves. Conclusions The LAVA tool is a short, non-normative, and useful approach that encapsulates the perspectives of well-being of multimorbid patients and gives insights into their resources and problem areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number427
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16-Jul-2021


  • Geriatric patients
  • Patients' perspective
  • Patient-centred care
  • Shared decision making
  • Normative assessment
  • Patients' priorities
  • Multimorbidity
  • Patients' needs


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