Assessment of patient's experiences across the interface between primary and secondary care: Consumer Quality Index Continuum of Care

A.J. Berendsen, K.H. Groenier, G.M. de Jong, B. Meyboom-de Jong, W.J. van der Veen, Janny Dekker, M.W.M. de Waal, J. Schuling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Development and validation of a questionnaire that measures patients' experiences of collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists.

Methods: A questionnaire was developed using the method of the consumer quality index and validated in a cross-sectional study among a random sample of patients referred to medical specialists in the Netherlands. Validation included factor analysis, ascertain internal consistency, and the discriminative ability.

Results: The response rate was 65% (1404 patients). Exploratory factor analysis indicated that four domains could be distinguished (i.e. GP Approach; GP Referral; Specialist: Collaboration). Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.51 to 0.93 indicating sufficient internal consistency to make comparison of groups of respondents possible. The Pearson correlation coefficients between the domains were

Conclusions: The Consumer Quality Index (CQ-index) Continuum of Care can be a useful instrument to assess aspects of the collaboration between GPs and specialists from patients' perspective.

Practice implications: It can be used to give feedback to both medical professionals and policy makers. Such feedback creates an opportunity for implementing specific improvements and evaluating quality improvement projects. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2009


  • Patients' perceptions
  • Assessing experiences
  • Interface between primary and secondary care
  • Consumer quality index

Cite this