Association between methylation of the SLC6A4 promoter region in peripheral blood leukocytes and methylation in amygdala tissue

Harriette Riese*, Edwin R van den Heuvel, Harold Snieder, Wilfred F den Dunnen, Torsten Plosch, Ido P Kema, Klaziena Koning

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to examine the association of depressive symptoms with asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA). Patients with chronic hepatitis C infection were examined during interferon- (IFN-) treatment, which is often associated with treatment-induced depression. The associations between IFN--induced depressive symptoms with ADMA and SDMA levels were prospectively investigated until 3 months after treatment.

Methods Psychiatric and biological assessments were obtained at six different time points: before, during (at 1, 3, 6, and 9 months), and after the end of IFN- treatment.

Results During IFN- treatment, 22 (53.7%) patients fulfilled the criteria for a treatment-related depressive disorder at least once during treatment. The increase in ADMA levels from baseline (depression group: 0.63 [0.08] M, no depression group: 0.69 [0.08] M) in response to IFN- treatment was considerably higher in patients with IFN- treatment-induced depressive episodes compared with patients without treatment-induced depressive episodes (3 months after the start of treatment: depression group: 0.72 [0.08] M, no depression group: 0.72 [0.11] M; ADMA: repeated-measure design analysis of variance [time x depression]: F(5,151) = 2.446, p = .036). The increase in SDMA was not associated with treatment-induced depression.

Conclusions Depression in response to IFN- treatment is associated with elevated ADMA levels. These findings are relevant to nitric oxide-related biological pathways linking depression to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Future studies are needed to clarify the role of serotonin in these pathways and may lead to preventative treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-246
Number of pages3
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2014

Keywords

  • CHRONIC HEPATITIS-C
  • INTERFERON-ALPHA THERAPY
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • NITRIC-OXIDE
  • ASYMMETRIC DIMETHYLARGININE
  • INDUCED DEPRESSION
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • PLASMA-CONCENTRATIONS
  • PEGYLATED INTERFERON
  • MAJOR DEPRESSION

Cite this