Association between physical fitness and cognitive performance in 19-24 year old males

Samad Esmaeilzadeh*, Esther Hartman, Reza Farzizadeh, Liane B. Azevedo, Hassan-Ali Kalantari, Inga Dziembowska, Alicja Kostencka, Mohammad Narimani, Akbar Abravesh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The present study aimed to explore the association between physical fitness (PF) and cognitive performance in a sample of 19-24 year old males. Two hundred and eleven young males (20.2 +/- 1.5 years) participated in the study. Cognitive functioning tasks including information processing speed and inhibitory control were measured in addition to PF and motor fitness components such as aerobic fitness, static strength, explosive strength, agility and speed. Regression analysis showed that after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g. age, socioeconomic status, adiposity and physical activity), aerobic fitness (represented by shorter time in the one-mile run) was positively associated with composite inhibitory control scores (standardized beta = 0.17; p = 0.04) and negatively associated with Delta Simon (standardized beta = -0.21; p = 0.04). Explosive strength was negatively associated with composite information processing scores (standardized beta = -0.24; P = 0.01), and composite inhibitory control scores (standardized beta = -0.22; p = 0.02). Speed of movement, agility and static strength were not associated with any of the cognitive tests. In conclusion, aerobic fitness and explosive strength but not speed, agility or static strength might be indicators of underlying cognitive functioning tasks in 19-24 year old males.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-362
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of sport
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Aerobic fitness
  • Explosive strength
  • Information processing speed
  • Inhibitory control
  • REACTION-TIME
  • MUSCULAR FITNESS
  • AEROBIC FITNESS
  • HEALTHY-YOUNG
  • EXERCISE
  • CHILDREN
  • ADULTS
  • MOTOR
  • SPRINTERS
  • STRENGTH

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