Association of Cardiovascular Health Score Trajectory With Incident Myocardial Infarction in Hypertensive Patients

Zegui Huang, Zekai Chen, Xianxuan Wang, Xiong Ding, Zefeng Cai, Weijian Li, Zhiwei Cai, Yulong Lan, Guanzhi Chen, Wei Fang, Shouling Wu, Youren Chen

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    Abstract

    Background: The association between changes in cardiovascular health score (CHS) over time and myocardial infarction (MI) risk in hypertensive patients remains unclear. Method: This was a prospective study comprising 17 374 hypertensive patients from the Kailuan study cohort who underwent 3 surveys and were identified to be free of MI, stroke, or cancer from 2006 to 2010. CHS consisted of 7 cardiovascular health metrics (plasma glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking, body mass index, physical activity, salt intake), ranging from 0 (worst) to 13 (best) in the study. CHS trajectories were developed during 2006 to 2010 to predict the MI risk from 2010 to 2020. Additionally, the Cox proportional hazard model was established to calculate the hazard ratio and 95% CI of incident MI in different trajectory groups. Result: This study identified the 5 CHS trajectories from 2006 to 2010: low-stable (n=1161; range, 4.7-4.5), moderate-decreasing (n=3928; decreased from 6.9 to 6.0), moderate-increasing (n=1014; increased from 5.6 to 7.8), high-stable I (n=7940; range, 8.1-8.2), and high-stable II (n=3331; range, 9.2-9.7). During the median follow-up of 10.04 years, 288 incident MI cases were identified. After adjusting for potential confounders, compared with low-stable group, the hazard ratio and 95% CI of MI were 0.24 (0.15-0.40) for high-stable II, 0.36 (0.24-0.54) for high-stable I, 0.46 (0.25-0.83) for moderate-increasing, and 0.61 (0.41-0.90) for moderate-decreasing, respectively. Conclusions: In hypertensive patients, high-stable CHS or improvement in CHS is associated with a lower risk of incident MI, when compared with low-stable CHS trajectory over time.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2622-2630
    Number of pages9
    JournalHypertension
    Volume79
    Issue number11
    Early online date9-Sept-2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov-2022

    Keywords

    • cardiovascular diseases
    • cohort studies
    • hypertension
    • myocardial infarction
    • BLOOD-PRESSURE
    • SAS PROCEDURE
    • RISK-FACTORS
    • ALL-CAUSE
    • DISEASE
    • MORTALITY
    • COUNTRIES
    • OUTCOMES
    • EVENTS
    • TRENDS

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