ASSOCIATION OF CHRONIC NASAL CARRIAGE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS-AUREUS AND HIGHER RELAPSE RATES IN WEGENER GRANULOMATOSIS

Coen Stegeman, J.W.C. Tervaert, W.J. Sluiter, W.L. Manson, P.E. DEJONG, Cees Kallenberg

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Abstract

Objective: To examine possible risk factors for relapse, including chronic nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and serial antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) determinations in patients with Wegener granulomatosis.

Design: Observational cohort study.

Setting: Outpatient clinic at a university-affiliated hospital.

Patients: Consecutive patients (n = 71) with biopsy-proven Wegener granulomatosis who were seen during follow-up at the outpatient clinic from January 1988 to July 1991. Fourteen patients were ineligible or dropped out; 57 patients were analyzed.

Measurements: Serial ANCA determinations and swab cultures of both anterior nares for S. aureus taken at each visit every 4 to 6 weeks. Occurrence of infections and relapses of Wegener granulomatosis were identified according to strict, predefined criteria.

Results: Thirty-six of the 57 patients (63%; 95% CI, 49% to 76%) were found to be chronic nasal carriers of S. aureus (greater-than-or-equal-to 75% of nasal cultures positive for S. aureua). Proportional-hazards regression analysis identified chronic nasal carriage of S. aureus (adjusted relative risk, 7.16; CI, 1.63 to 31.50), creatinine clearance above 60 mL . min-1 (adjusted relative risk, 2.94; CI, 1.27 to 6.67), and a history of previous relapses of Wegener granulomatosis (adjusted relative risk, 1.33; CI, 0.98 to 1.78) as independent risk factors for relapse. Twenty-two of 33 patients persistently or intermittently positive for ANCA had a relapse as opposed to only 1 of 21 persistently negative patients. Relapses of Wegener granulomatosis were not related to diagnosed infections.

Conclusion: Chronic nasal carriage of S. aureus identifies a subgroup of patients with Wegener granulomatosis who are more prone to relapses of the disease, suggesting a role for S. aureus in its pathophysiology and a possible clue for treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-1994

Keywords

  • DISEASE-ACTIVITY
  • SULFAMETHOXAZOLE-TRIMETHOPRIM
  • PREFERENTIAL INDUCTION
  • AUTOANTIBODY SECRETION
  • POLYCLONAL ACTIVATION
  • PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS
  • LYSOSOMAL-ENZYMES
  • ENTEROTOXIN-A
  • HLA-DR
  • INFECTION

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