Association of Recognized and Unrecognized Myocardial Infarction With Depressive and Anxiety Disorders in 125,988 Individuals: A Report of the Lifelines Cohort Study

Giulia Iozzia, Ricardo de Miranda Azevedo, Pim van der Harst, Judith G M Rosmalen, Peter de Jonge, Annelieke M Roest*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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OBJECTIVE: No previous study has focused on recognition of myocardial infarction (MI) and the presence of both depressive and anxiety disorders in a large population-based sample. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of recognized MI (RMI) and unrecognized MI (UMI) with depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Analyses included 125,988 individuals enrolled in the Lifelines study. Current mental disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition) were assessed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. UMI was detected using electrocardiogram in participants who did not report a history of MI. The classification of RMI was based on self-reported MI history together with the use of either antithrombotic medications or electrocardiogram signs of MI. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, smoking, somatic comorbidities, and physical health-related quality of life as measured by the RAND 36-Item Health Survey in different models. RESULTS: Participants with RMI had significantly higher odds of having any depressive and any anxiety disorder as compared with participants without MI (depressive disorder: odds ratio [OR] = 1.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.38-2.52; anxiety disorder: OR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.32-1.94) after adjustment for age and sex. Participants with UMI did not differ from participants without MI (depressive disorder: OR = 1.60, 95% CI = 0.96-2.64; anxiety disorder: OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.48-1.11). After additional adjustment for somatic comorbidities and low physical health-related quality of life, the association between RMI with any depressive disorder was no longer statistically significant (OR = 1.18; 95% CI =0.84-1.65), but the association with any anxiety disorder remained (OR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.03-1.57). CONCLUSIONS: Recognition of MI seems to play a major role in the occurrence of anxiety, but not depressive, disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-743
Number of pages8
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Issue number8
Early online date28-Jul-2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2020

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