Astraeus I: The interplay between galaxy formation and reionization

Anne Hutter*, Pratika Dayal, Gustavo Yepes, Stefan Gottlöber, Laurent Legrand, Graziano Ucci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We introduce a new self-consistent model of galaxy evolution and reionization, ASTRAEUS (seminumerical rAdiative tranSfer coupling of galaxy formaTion and Reionization in N-body dArk mattEr simUlationS), which couples a state-of-the-art N-body simulation with the semi-analytical galaxy evolution DELPHI and the seminumerical reionization scheme CIGOG. ASTRAEUS includes all the key processes of galaxy formation and evolution (including accretion, mergers, supernova, and radiative feedback) and follows the time and spatial evolution of the ionized regions in the intergalactic medium (IGM). Importantly, it explores different radiative feedback models that cover the physically plausible parameter space, ranging from a weak and delayed to a strong and immediate reduction of gas mass available for star formation. From our simulation suite that covers the different radiative feedback prescriptions and ionization topologies, we find that radiative feedback continuously reduces star formation in galaxies with $M_\mathrm{ h}\lesssim 10^{9.5}\, {\rm \rm M_\odot }$ upon local reionization; larger mass haloes are unaffected even for the strongest and immediate radiative feedback cases during reionization. For this reason, the ionization topologies of different radiative feedback scenarios differ only on scales smaller than 1-2 comoving Mpc, and significant deviations are found only when physical parameters (e.g. the escape fraction of ionizing photons) are altered based on galactic properties. Finally, we find that observables (the ultraviolet luminosity function, stellar mass function, reionization histories and ionization topologies) are hardly affected by the choice of the used stellar population synthesis models that model either single stars or binaries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3698-3723
Number of pages26
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume503
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2021

Keywords

  • methods: numerical
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • intergalactic medium
  • dark ages
  • reionization
  • first stars
  • Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
  • Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

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