Asymmetries in Transnational Social Protection: Perspectives of Migrants and Nonmigrants

Basak Bilecen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


This study investigates the extent to which migrants’ embeddedness in two formal social protection systems (country of origin and host country) influences the resources they exchange in their informal supportive relationships. I analyze the support networks of a matched sample of Turkish migrants in Germany and their significant others in Turkey to illuminate the conditions and meaning of reciprocal resource exchanges, finding that both migrants and nonmigrants perceive formal social protection offered by Germany as superior to that of Turkey. I show that those perceptions have implications for how financial support is exchanged with the family but have less impact on friendships. These implications for family included unequal power relationships, changes in equity among siblings and family, different valuation processes of resources, and thus, (reciprocal) exchanges.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-191
Number of pages24
JournalThe Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19-May-2020


  • transnational social protection
  • international migration
  • reciprocity
  • personal networks
  • multisited research
  • matched sample
  • low-income families

Cite this