Atmospheric deposition of acidifying and eutrophicating substances in dune slacks

FP Sival*, M Strijkstra-Kalk

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The atmospheric input of nitrogen and potantial acid, and the composition of the leachate from the topsoil layer are quantified for eight dune slack sites differing in plant composition, on the Frisian islands of Terschelling and Schiermonnikoog. Basiphilous mesotrophic communities with many rare plant species grow in one site on Terschelling and two sites on Schiermonnikoog. Samples were taken in the period mid May 1992 - mid May 1993. Bulk atmospheric nitrogen deposition measured in an open collector was between 15-20 kg ha(-1) yr(-1) for the eight sites. On Terschelling, the deposition was slightly higher than on Schiermonnikoog. Ammonium was a third of the total amount of nitrogen deposited on Terschelling and half the amount of nitrogen deposited on Schiermonnikoog. The deposition of potential acid varied from 490 to 810 mol ha(-1) yr(-1). On Terschelling, the amount of potential acid was highest and around 800 mol ha(-1) yr(-1) for both sites. On Schiermonnikoog, the amount of potential acid was lowest for the dune slacks in the north-western part of the island and it showed an increase for slacks towards the eastern part of the island. Calcium is the main cation leached from the topsoil followed by sodium, magnesium and potassium. Nitrogen or ammonium hardly leached from the topsoil layer. The shift from basiphilous pioneer communities toward older and more acid stages of dune slack succession appears to be caused primarily by leaching of base cations rather than eutrophication.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)461-477
    Number of pages17
    JournalWater Air and Soil Pollution
    Volume116
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec-1999

    Keywords

    • calcium
    • exchangeable base cations
    • nitrogen
    • potential acid
    • Schoenus nigricans
    • VEGETATION SUCCESSION
    • NITROGEN DEPOSITION
    • NETHERLANDS
    • HEATHLAND
    • DYNAMICS
    • PRECIPITATION
    • ECOSYSTEMS
    • GRASSLANDS
    • DECLINE

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