Auditory Hallucinations Nomenclature and Classification

Jan Dirk Blom*, Iris E. C. Sommer

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: The literature on the possible neurobiologic correlates of auditory hallucinations is expanding rapidly. For an adequate understanding and linking of this emerging knowledge, a clear and uniform nomenclature is a prerequisite. The primary purpose of the present article is to provide an overview of the nomenclature and classification of auditory hallucinations.

    Materials and Methods: Relevant data were obtained from books, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library.

    Results: The results are presented in the form of several classificatory arrangements of auditory hallucinations, governed by the principles of content, perceived source, perceived vivacity, relation to the sleep-wake cycle, and association with suspected neurobiologic correlates.

    Conclusions: This overview underscores the necessity to reappraise the concepts of auditory hallucinations developed during the era of classic psychiatry, to incorporate them into our current nomenclature and classification of auditory hallucinations, and to test them empirically with the aid of the structural and functional imaging techniques currently available.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)55-62
    Number of pages8
    JournalCognitive and behavioral neurology
    Volume23
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar-2010

    Keywords

    • auditory hallucination
    • nomenclature
    • classification
    • COROLLARY DISCHARGE DYSFUNCTION
    • MUSICAL HALLUCINATIONS
    • VERBAL HALLUCINATIONS
    • GENERAL-POPULATION
    • SCHIZOPHRENIA
    • HALLUCINOSIS
    • BRAIN
    • PREVALENCE
    • EXPERIENCE
    • RELEASE

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