B-cell lymphoma related iliac vein occlusion treated by endovenous stent placement

L. Hermus, I. F. J. Tielliu, C. J. Zeebregts*, T. R. Prins, J. J. A. M. Van den Dungen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Unilateral leg swelling is most often caused by deep vein thrombosis but other conditions may mimic this disorder. We describe the case of a patient with symptoms of unilateral lower extremity swelling caused by external compression of the iliac vein by a mass originating from the iliopsoas muscle. Initially this mass was diagnosed as an iliopsoas hematoma in a patient using anticoagulants. However, it proved to be B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Compression was relieved by placement of an endovenous stent in the left common iliac vein., Endovenous stenting is a relatively new treatment modality that is used to treat post-thrombotic venous occlusions and chronic venous insufficiency. Only a few, case series have been described of stenting of compressed pelvic veins by adjacent structures such as gynecological malignancies. Although stent patency lasted only four weeks in this patient, venous stent placement quickly reliefs symptoms and should therefore be considered as an option to bridge time to allow development of sufficient venous collaterals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalMinerva chirurgica
Volume67
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2012

Keywords

  • Stents
  • Iliac vein
  • Lymphoma
  • SELF-EXPANDING STENTS
  • CLINICAL-EXPERIENCE
  • VENOUS STENOSES
  • COMPRESSION
  • HEMATOMA
  • THROMBOSIS
  • MIGRATION
  • BLADDER
  • TUMOR

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