Bayesian spatiotemporal mapping of relative dengue disease risk in Bandung, Indonesia

Mindra Jaya*, Henk Folmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
253 Downloads (Pure)


Dengue disease has serious health and socio-economic consequences. Mapping its occurrence at a fine spatiotemporal scale is a crucial element in the preparation of an early warning system for the prevention and control of dengue and other viral diseases. This paper presents a Bayesian spatiotemporal random effects (pure) model of relative dengue disease risk estimated by integrated nested Laplace approximation. Continuous isopleth mapping based on inverse distance weighting is applied to visualize the disease's geographical evolution. The model is applied to data for 30 districts in the city of Bandung, Indonesia, for the period January 2009 to December 2016. We compared the Poisson and the negative binomial distributions for the number of dengue cases, both combined with a model which included structured and unstructured spatial and temporal random effects and their interactions. Using several Bayesian and classical model performance criteria and stepwise backward selection, we chose the negative binomial distribution and the temporal model with spatiotemporal interaction for forecasting. The estimation results show that the relative risk decreased generally from 2014. However, it consistently increased in the north-western districts because of environmental and socio-economic conditions. We also found that every district has a different temporal pattern, indicating that district characteristics influence the temporal variation across space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-142
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Geographical Systems
Issue number1
Early online date30-Aug-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2020
Event12th World Conference of the Spatial-Econometrics-Association - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 11-Jun-201812-Jun-2018


  • Dengue disease
  • Bayesian spatiotemporal random effects (pure) model
  • Integrated nested Laplace approximation (INLA)
  • Isopleth mapping
  • Bandung-Indonesia
  • INLA

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