Behaviour change techniques used in lifestyle support of adults with mild intellectual disabilities

Mariël Willems*, Johan de Jong, Annelies Overwijk, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Cees P van der Schans, Aly Waninge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers are important in the daily support of lifestyle change for adults with mild intellectual disabilities; however, little is known about which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) are actually used. This study aims to gain insight in their use for lifestyle behaviour change using video observations.

METHODS: Professional caregivers (N = 14) were observed in daily work supporting adults with mild intellectual disabilities. Videos were analysed using the Coventry Aberdeen London Refined (CALO-RE-NL) taxonomy and BCTs utilised were coded.

RESULTS: Twenty one out of 40 BCTs were used by professional caregivers. The BCTs 'Information about others' approval', 'Identification as role model', 'Rewards on successful behaviour', 'Review behavioural goals' and 'Instructions on how to perform the behaviour' were most employed.

CONCLUSION: Professional caregivers used BCTs to support healthier lifestyle behaviour of adults with mild intellectual disabilities. However, most promising of them as defined previous by professionals were rarely used by professional caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23-Jun-2022

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