Beliefs about the malleability of professional skills and abilities: Development and validation of a scale

Antje Schmitt*, Susanne Scheibe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The concept of a professional skills and abilities mindset denotes beliefs that professional skills and abilities are either malleable (growth mindset) or are uncontrollable and difficult to change (fixed mindset). Based on the career construction theory, we argue that employees’ professional skills and abilities mindset represents an indicator of adaptive readiness that predicts career adaptability and adaptive responses in terms of learning and career engagement. Across four studies (total N = 709), we developed the 6-item professional skills and abilities mindset scale. Study 1 establishes a two-factor structure, satisfactory psychometric properties, and convergent validity. Studies 2 and 3 provide evidence of the criterion validity of the growth but not the fixed mindset subscale for career engagement and learning through career adaptability. Study 4 establishes moderate retest reliability across four weeks. This research establishes a previously neglected predictor of career-related resources and behaviors. Findings can inform vocational consulting and coaching.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493–515
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Issue number3
Early online date14-Sept-2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2023

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