Between the EU, Russia and China: Cultural diplomacy competition in Central Asia

Domenico Valenza, Elke Boers, Alessandra Cappelletti

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This chapter analyses the cultural diplomacies of the European Union (EU), Russia, and China in Central Asia through the proposed tripartite framework. The Treaty of Maastricht of 1993 legitimised culture as a European policy area for the first time, as Article 167 recognises that the Union supports member states' cultural actions while respecting national and regional diversity. New opportunities for cultural relations with Central Asia may nevertheless arise from the 2019 revised Strategy, seeking to update existing cooperation between the EU and Central Asia. In Central Asia, the EU has not devised tools to assess perceptions through quantitative surveys or funded relevant organisations to conduct them. The Federal Agency for the Commonwealth of Independent States Affairs, Compatriots Living Abroad, and International Humanitarian Cooperation, commonly known as Rossotrudnichestvo, is today Russia's major Cultural diplomacy (CD) actor.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe European Union, China and Central Asia
Subtitle of host publicationglobal and regional cooperation in a new era
EditorsFabienne Bossuyt, Bart Dessein
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge/Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781003022336
ISBN (Print)9780367900687
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Cultural diplomacy, EU, Russia, Central Asia

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