Beyond Platform Capitalism: Critical Perspectives on Facebook Markets from Melanesia

Geoffrey Hobbis*, Stephanie Ketterer Hobbis

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    This article argues for a need to move beyond studies of platform capitalism and inter-capitalist struggles to also account for inter-economic struggles, the platformization of longstanding primarily non-capitalist societies, the same kind of societies that have conceptually inspired discussions of platforms as hi-tech gift economies. Based on longitudinal ethnographic fieldwork on digital transformations among the horticulturalist Lau of Malaita, Solomon Islands, we analyse horticulturalist adoptions and adaptations of Facebook. Specifically, we consider how informal bush markets are being digitized through online Buy and Sell groups. We show how Solomon Islanders use Buy and Sell Facebook groups to continue moral economic practices that emphasize the accumulation of wealth not in a capitalist, but in a relational sense, where economic activity primarily serves the creation and affirmation of relationships. Our findings, thus, challenge universalizing claims about the nature of platforms as one that is necessarily about the commodification, in a capitalist sense, of all social relations. Simultaneously, they call for more research on experiences of platformization at the margins of global capitalism and the ways in which not-so-average users are making platforms their own.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)121-140
    Number of pages20
    JournalMedia, Culture & Society
    Volume44
    Issue number1
    Early online date9-Jun-2021
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2022

    Keywords

    • Platform Capitalis
    • Facebook
    • Solomon Islands
    • Informal Markets
    • Non-Capitalist Societies
    • Buy and Sell

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