Bio-Model Selection, Processing and Results for Bio-Inspired Truck Streamlining

Xiaoyin Fang*, Eize Stamhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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We introduce a method for the selection and processing of a biological model to derive an outline that provides morphometric information for a novel aerodynamic truck design. Because of the dynamic similarities, our new truck design will be inspired by biological shapes with a known high level of streamlining and low drag for operation near the seabed, i.e., the head of a trout, but other model organisms will also be used later. Demersal fish are chosen because they live near the bottom of rivers or the sea. Complementary to many biomimetic studies so far, we plan to concentrate on reshaping the outline of the fish’s head and extend it to a 3D design for the tractor that, at the same time, fits within EU regulations and maintains the truck’s normal use and stability. We intend to explore this biological model selection and formulization involving the following elements: (i) the reason for selecting fish as a biological model for a streamlined truck design; (ii) The choice of a fish model via a functional similarity method; (iii) biological shape formulization based on the morphometric information of models in (ii) outline pick-up, a reshaping step and a subsequent design process; (iv) modify the biomimetic designs and test utilizing CFD; (v) further discussion, outputs and results from the bio-inspired design process.
Original languageEnglish
Article number175
Number of pages26
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23-Apr-2023


  • bio-inspired design
  • streamlined shape
  • CFD
  • drag resistance

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