Biochemical characterization of glycoside hydrolase family 31 α-glucosidases from Myceliophthora thermophila for α-glucooligosaccharide synthesis

Yu Fang, Meihong Dong, Sander S van Leeuwen, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, Xiangfeng Meng*, Weifeng Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The transglucosidase activity of GH31 α-glucosidases is employed to catalyze the synthesis of prebiotic isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) using the malt syrup prepared from starch as substrate. Continuous mining for new GH31 α-glucosidases with high stability and efficient transglucosidase activity is critical for enhancing the supply and quality of IMO preparations. In the present study, two α-glucosidases (MT31α1 and MT31α2) from Myceliophthora thermophila were explored for biochemical characterization. The optimum pH and temperature of MT31α1 and MT31α2 were determined to be pH 4.5 and 65 °C, and pH 6.5 and 60 °C, respectively. Both MT31α1 and MT31α2 were shown to be stable in the pH range of 3.0 to 10.0. MT31α1 displayed a high thermostability, retaining 60 % of activity after incubation for 24 h at 55 °C. MT31α1 is highly active on substrates with all types of α-glucosidic linkages. In contrast, MT31α2 showed preference for substrates with α-(1→3) and α-(1→4) linkages. Importantly, MT31α1 was able to synthesize IMOs and the conversion rate of maltose into the main functional IMOs components reached over 40 %. Moreover, MT31α2 synthesizes glucooligosaccharides with (consecutive) α-(1→3) linkages. Taken together, MT31α1 and MT31α2, showing distinct substrate and product specificity, hold clear potential for the synthesis of prebiotic glucooligosaccharides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126452
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume252
Early online date26-Aug-2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Dec-2023

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