Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) plays a key role in the development of fibrotic processes in several tissues. Accordingly, the PDGF receptor is abundantly present in these fibrotic tissues. Specific targeting to this receptor is established for a series of compounds in different animal models, all sharing the same targeting moiety, i.e. the cyclic peptide pPB. One of those compounds is pPB-HSA, which might function as carrier vehicle that binds to the PDGFβ-receptor without eliciting an intracellular response itself. Aims When formulated as a solution for parenteral administration, targeting of fibrosis with pPB-HSA would involve long-term or even lifelong daily injections, which may jeopardize patient compliance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a microsphere formulation for the sustained release of pPB-HSA and assess the delivery and targeting of the intact protein construct in vivo. Methods pPB-HSA was encapsulated in biodegradable polymeric microspheres using a water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsification process and blends of two semi-crystalline multi-block copolymers composed of blocks of poly (-caprolactone) – polyethylene glycol – poly (-caprolactone) and poly (L-lactide). The delivery and targeting of the protein construct was evaluated in vivo using a mouse unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) kidney fibrosis model. Results and conclusions By varying the ratio of the two multi-block copolymers, the release of the model protein HSA from the microspheres could be tailored from 7 days to 2 months without burst release. The microsphere formulation with a 50:50 blend ratio of the polymers, showing first order sustained release for 14 days, was selected for further optimization. Optimization of microencapsulation process parameters resulted in an encapsulation efficiency of 83% and an in vitro release of >90% after 14 days for the final pPB-HSA formulation. The median particle size of these microspheres was 25 m, which enables injection with a 21G needle. All mice were sacrificed 7 days after ureteral obstruction and microsphere administration. The obstructed kidneys developed fibrosis and showed increased PDGFβ-receptor expression. The plasma concentration of pPB-HSA in the pPB-HSA treated mice (n=3) was 15 ± 4 ng/mL. Immunohistochemical staining and western blot analysis showed the presence of pPB-HSA in the fibrotic kidney of these mice, while the sham operated kidney was negative for pPB-HSA. In conclusion, the pPB-HSA construct was successfully formulated in polymeric microspheres produced by a W/O/W method, which showed a first order release profile in vitro. Furthermore, pPB-HSA was released from these microspheres in vivo. In addition, pPB-HSA was specifically localized in fibrotic tissue, where the target receptor, the PDGF receptor, is abundantly present. The delivery and site specific targeting of pPB-HSA for polymeric microspheres is thus confirmed in this study. Future studies include a pharmacokinetic in vivo study of the pPB-HSA microspheres in a mouse liver fibrosis model.
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Event||FIGON Dutch Medicine Days - Reehorst, Ede, Netherlands|
Duration: 3-Oct-2016 → 4-Oct-2016
|Conference||FIGON Dutch Medicine Days|
|Period||03/10/2016 → 04/10/2016|