Bipolar disorder in the elderly; different effects of age and of age of onset

Frits Oostervink*, Maarten M. Boomsma, Willem A. Nolen, EMBLEM Advisory Board

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Information about differences between younger and elderly patients with bipolar disorder and between elderly patients with early and late age of onset of illness is limited.

Method: The European Mania in Bipolar Longitudinal Evaluation of Medication (EMBLEM) study was a 2-year prospective, observational study in 3459 bipolar patients on the treatment and outcome of patients with an acute manic or mixed episode. Within this study, elderly patients (>60 years of age; n = 475) were compared with younger patients (= 50 years; n = 141) were compared with Early Onset Bipolar (EOB) patients (

Results: In the year prior to enrolment, elderly patients, especially those with EOB, more frequently reported a rapid cycling course of illness, but fewer suicide attempts. At baseline, elderly patients more often used one psychotropic medication and demonstrated less severe manic and psychotic symptoms, but no difference in depressive symptomatology. However, prior to enrolment and during the acute phase of treatment, elderly patients more frequently received antidepressants. Atypical antipsychotics were given less frequently. Regarding 12-week outcomes, there was no difference between elderly and younger patients, although LOB elderly recovered faster, and were discharged sooner than EOB elderly patients.

Limitations: Information about somatic conditions was not systematically collected nor was information about concurrent use of non-psychiatric medication which might have given some indication of somatic comorbidity.

Conclusion: Elderly bipolar manic patients differ from younger bipolar manic patients regarding treatment but not treatment outcome. LOB elderly patients demonstrated a more favourable outcome. The use of medication and the occurrence of rapid cycling in EOB elderly patients warrant further study. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-183
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume116
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2009

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Elderly
  • Age of onset
  • Suicide
  • Therapeutics
  • I AFFECTIVE-DISORDER
  • LATE-LIFE
  • OLD-AGE
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • MANIA
  • ILLNESS
  • ADULTS
  • SERVICES
  • IMPACT
  • ANTIDEPRESSANTS

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