Although weight gain increases risk of type 2 diabetes, real-life data on the weight course in patients with established type 2 diabetes are scarce. We assessed weight course in a real-life diabetes secondary care setting and analyzed its association with patient characteristics, lifestyle habits and initiation of insulin, glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i).
Data on weight, insulin, GLP-1 RA and SGLT-2i use were collected retrospectively (12 years) and prospectively (8 years) from patients included in the DIAbetes and LifEstyle Cohort Twente-1 (DIALECT-1, n = 450, age 63 +/- 9 years, 58% men, diabetes duration [7-18] years). Lifestyle habits were assessed using validated questionnaires. The association of clinical parameters with body mass index (BMI) course was determined using linear mixed models. Patients who underwent bariatric surgery (n = 19) had a distinct BMI course and were excluded from the study.
Baseline BMI was 31.3 (0.3) and was higher in women, patients aged
High BMI that real-life patients with type 2 diabetes gained earlier in life, remained stable in the following decades. Weight loss interventions should remain a priority, and GLP-1 RA might be considered to support weight loss.
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