Bog iron, a forgotten mineral. Late-medieval iron industry in East Groningen?

Henny Groenendijk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


In the peat bog fringing the pleistocene outcrops of Westerwolde and adjacent Ostfriesland, from the mid-13th century onwards, the local elite built brick keeps, around which finds of iron slags and tuyères suggest their dedication to iron melting, presumably as a means to broaden their economic basis and strengthen their power.
Translated title of the contributionBog iron, a forgotten mineral.: Late-medieval iron industry in East Groningen?
Original languageDutch
Title of host publicationOverpeinzingen op een vuilnisbelt
Subtitle of host publicationLiber amicorum aangeboden aan Wijnand van der Sanden ter gelegenheid van zijn afscheid als conservator bij het Drents Museum
EditorsVincent van Vilsteren, Jaap Beuker, Peter van den Broeke, Liesbeth Theunissen
Place of PublicationGroningen
PublisherBarkhuis Publishing
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9789493194038
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2020


  • bog iron, Late Middle Ages, iron industry

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