Bond strengthening in oral bacterial adhesion to salivary conditioning films

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Abstract

Transition from reversible to irreversible bacterial adhesion is a highly relevant but poorly understood step in initial biofilm formation. We hypothesize that in oral biofilm formation, irreversible adhesion is caused by bond strengthening due to specific bacterial interactions with salivary conditioning films. Here, we compared the initial adhesion of six oral bacterial strains to salivary conditioning films with their adhesion to a bovine serum albumin (BSA) coating and related their adhesion to the strengthening of the binding forces measured with bacteria-coated atomic force microscopy cantilevers. All strains adhered in higher numbers to salivary conditioning films than to BSA coatings, and specific bacterial interactions with salivary conditioning films were accompanied by stronger initial adhesion forces. Bond strengthening occurred on a time scale of several tens of seconds and was slower for actinomyces than for streptococci. Nonspecific interactions between bacteria and BSA coatings strengthened twofold faster than their specific interactions with salivary conditioning films, likely because specific interactions require a closer approach of interacting surfaces with the removal of interfacial water and a more extensive rearrangement of surface structures. After bond strengthening, bacterial adhesion forces with a salivary conditioning film remained stronger than those with BSA coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5511-5515
Number of pages5
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume74
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2008

Keywords

  • ATOMIC-FORCE MICROSCOPE
  • PLATE FLOW CHAMBER
  • STREPTOCOCCUS-THERMOPHILUS
  • PARTICLE ACCUMULATION
  • MICROBIAL ADHESION
  • COLLECTOR SURFACES
  • DENTAL BIOFILM
  • IN-SITU
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • COLONIZATION

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