Breathing life into a manual: Flexibility and creativity with manual-based treatments

PC Kendall*, Brian Chu, A Gifford, C Hayes, M Nauta

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    162 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Manuals (a) provide an overall framework that outlines treatment and session goals, (b) supply strategies that aid the therapist in achieving the goals, and (c) guide the therapist as he or she navigates each challenge that arises over the course of treatment. Following a brief description of our model of treatment, treatment strategies are described and illustrated. Specifically, the discussion and illustrations focus on somatic cues, relaxation, self-talk, the FEAR plan, exposure tasks, and the closing video (commercial). The examples demonstrate how to individualize treatment, and the discussion includes the perspectives of two visiting scholars and considers the merits of flexible and creative use of manual-based treatments. This article addresses the use of a manual as a guide for the treatment of children, particularly children with anxiety disorders.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)177-198
    Number of pages22
    JournalCognitive and Behavioral Practice
    Volume5
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

    Keywords

    • RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIAL
    • ANXIETY DISORDERS
    • PSYCHOTHERAPY-RESEARCH
    • THERAPY
    • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • CHILDREN
    • ISSUES
    • YOUTHS

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