Development of biofilm associated candidemia for patients with implanted biomaterials causes an urgency to develop antimicrobial and biofilm inhibitive coatings in the management of recalcitrant Candida infections. Recently, there is an increase in the number of patients with biofilm formation and resistance to antifungal therapy. Therefore, there is a growing interest to use essential oils as coating agents in order to prevent biomaterial-associated Candida infections. Often high costs, complicated and laborious technologies are used for both applying the coating and determination of the antibiofilm effects hampering a rapid screening of essential oils. In order to determine biofilm formation of Candida on essential oil coated surfaces easier, cheaper and faster, we developed an essential oil (lemongrass oil) coated surface (silicone- rubber) by using a hypromellose ointment/essential oil mixture. Furthermore, we modified the "crystal violet binding assay" to quantify the biofilm mass of Candida biofilm formed on the lemongrass oil coated silicone rubber surface. The essential oil coating and the biomass determination of biofilms on silicone rubber can be easily applied with simple and accessible equipment, and will therefore provide rapid information about whether or not a particular essential oil is antiseptic, also when it is used as a coating agent.
- Biofilm formation
- Biomaterial infections
- Essential oils
- Essential oil coated surfaces