A series of N-(p-sulfamoylphenyl)-alpha-D-glycopyranosylamines was prepared by reaction of sulfanilamide with different monosaccharides in the presence of ammonium chloride. The new compounds were investigated for inhibition of the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2. 1.1), involved in aqueous humor secretion within the mammalian eye. Isozymes CA I and CA II were strongly inhibited by some of these compounds, which showed inhibition constants in the range of 510-1200 nM against CA I and 10-25 nM against CA II, similarly to clinically used sulfonamides, such as acetazolamide, methazolamide, dichlorophenamide, dorzolamide and brinzolamide. The presence of sugar moieties in these molecules induced an enhanced water solubility as compared to other sulfonamides. In hypertensive rabbits (a widely used animal model of glaucoma), two of the new compounds showed strong and long-lasting intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering, being more effective than dorzolamide and brinzolamide, the two clinically used, topically acting antiglaucoma sulfonamides with CA inhibitory properties. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- PRESSURE-LOWERING AGENTS
- AROMATIC/HETEROCYCLIC SULFONAMIDES