Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: Topically acting antiglaucoma sulfonamides incorporating esters and amides of 3-and 4-carboxybenzolamide

A Casini, A Scozzafava, F Mincione, L Menabuoni, M Starnotti, CT Supuran*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reaction of 3- and 4-carboxybenzenesulfonyl chloride with 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonaniide/5-imino-4-methyl-delta(2)-1,3,4-thiadiazoline-2-sulfonamide afforded two series of benzolamide analogues to which the carboxyl moiety has been derivatized as esters or amides. in order to reduce their very polar character. The new derivatives showed low nanomolar affinity for three carbonic anhydrase (CA) isozymes, CA I, II and IV, and were effective as topical antiglaucoma agents in normotensive rabbits. Efficacy of several of the new sulfonamides reported was better than that of the standard drugs dorzolamide and brinzolamide, whereas their duration of action was prolonged as compared to that of the clinically used drugs. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2867-2873
Number of pages7
JournalBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume13
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Sep-2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PRESSURE-LOWERING AGENTS
  • QUANTUM-CHEMICAL QSAR
  • AROMATIC/HETEROCYCLIC SULFONAMIDES
  • OCULAR PHARMACOLOGY
  • ISOZYME-II
  • MOIETIES
  • TAIL
  • RING
  • IV
  • DERIVATIVES

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