Case report: A thiazide diuretic to treat polyuria induced by tolvaptan

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BACKGROUND: Currently, the vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist tolvaptan is the only available treatment for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), but there are tolerability issues due to aquaretic side-effects such as polyuria. A possible strategy to ameliorate these side-effects may be addition of a thiazide diuretic, this is an established treatment in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, a condition where vasopressin V2 receptor function is absent.

CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 46-year-old male ADPKD-patient, who was prescribed tolvaptan, which caused polyuria of around 5 l per day. Hydrochlorothiazide was added to treat hypertension, which resulted in a marked decrease in urine production. While using tolvaptan, rate of eGFR decline was - 1.35 mL/min/1.73m2 per year, whereas after hydrochlorothiazide was initiated this was - 3.97 mL/minute/1.73m2 per year.

CONCLUSIONS: This case report indicates that while addition of hydrochlorothiazide may improve tolerability of vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists, co-prescription should only be used with great scrutiny as it may decrease tolvaptan effect on rate of ADPKD disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number157
Number of pages5
JournalBmc nephrology
Publication statusPublished - 3-Jul-2018

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