Challenges to Implementing Socially-Sustainable Community Development in Oil Palm and Forestry Operations in Indonesia

Stephany I. Pasaribu*, Frank Vanclay, Yongjun Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Through the lenses of community development and social licence to operate, we consider the complex relationships between local communities and forest plantation and oil palm companies. We examine the practical challenges in implementing socially-sustainable community development (SSCD) by analyzing two corporate social investment community development projects located in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: Desa Makmur Peduli Api (integrated fire management) and Pertanian Ekologi Terpadu (ecological farming). Our study scrutinized: (i) What were the practice challenges faced by the companies in establishing SSCD?; Along with (ii) what should be done to improve how SSCD is undertaken, especially in Indonesia? We identified five challenges: (1) unresolved land conflict; (2) determining the right program; (3) building community capacity rather than providing irrelevant training; (4) a shortage of company field staff and government facilitators; and (5) managing community expectations. Better governance of SSCD will reduce conflict between affected communities and companies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
Number of pages19
JournalLand
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2020

Keywords

  • sustainable development
  • social license to operate and grow
  • corporate social responsibility
  • strategic social investment
  • shared value
  • social sustainability
  • IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  • CORPORATE-RESPONSIBILITY
  • ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE
  • SPATIAL ASSESSMENT
  • RESILIENCE
  • LICENSE
  • EXPANSION
  • BUSINESS
  • APPLICABILITY
  • CONSERVATION
  • Social license to operate and grow
  • Social sustainability
  • Shared value
  • Strategic social investment
  • Sustainable development
  • Corporate social responsibility

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