Changes and determinants of life satisfaction after spinal cord injury: A cohort study in The Netherlands

Casper F. van Koppenhagen*, Marcel W. Post, Luc H. van der Woude, Luc P. de Witte, Floris W. van Asbeck, Sonja de Groot, Wim van den Heuvel, Eline Lindeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the impact of spinal cord injury (SCI) on life satisfaction of persons with SCI I year after discharge of inpatient rehabilitation.

Design: A cohort. study. Life satisfaction before SCI was retrospectively measured at the start of active rehabilitation. One year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, current life satisfaction was measured.

Setting: Eight rehabilitation centers in The Netherlands.

Participants: Persons (N = 147) aged IS to 65 and wheelchair-dependent at least for long distances.

Interventions: Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measure: The Life Satisfaction Questionnaire.

Results: Mean satisfaction with life +/- SD as a whole was 5.3 +/- 0 before SCI and 4.3 +/- 1.3 one year after inpatient rehabilitation. Sexual life, self-care, and vocational situation showed the largest impact of SCI (P

Conclusions: Life satisfaction decreased in persons with SCI. Level of lesion and suffering secondary impairments or pain were associated with low life satisfaction I year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1733-1740
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume89
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2008

Keywords

  • cohort study
  • follow-up studies
  • quality of life
  • rehabilitation
  • spinal cord injuries
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS
  • RESPONSE SHIFT
  • INDIVIDUALS
  • IMPACT
  • REHABILITATION
  • PARTICIPATION
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • COMMUNITY

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