CHANGES IN RENAL-FUNCTION INDUCED BY ACE-INHIBITION IN THE CONSCIOUS 2-KIDNEY, ONE-CLIP GOLDBLATT HYPERTENSIVE DOG

GJ JONKER, CA VISSCHER, D DEZEEUW, RM HUISMAN, DA PIERS, H BEEKHUIS, GK VANDERHEM

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to study why the diagnostic sensitivity of I-123-hippurate renography for a renal artery stenosis is improved by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE-) inhibition we used the model of the conscious chronically instrumented two-kidney, one-clip Goldblatt hypertensive dog. Urine flow (UV), renal blood flow (RBF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) were measured (with constant infusion of I-125-iothalamate and I-131-hippurate, respectively) for both kidneys separately before and after a bolus injection of a mild unilateral renal artery stenosis (approximately 30% reduction of RBF). During ACE-inhibition, there were remarkable falls in poststenotic GFR (from 37 +/- 5 to 4 +/- 2 ml/min, p <0.05), ERPF (from 111 +/- 13 to 21 +/- 10 ml/min, p <0.05) and UV (from 0.86 +/- 0.15 to 0.075 +/- 0.045 ml/min, p <0.05), whereas RBF of the poststenotic kidney slightly increased (from 193 +/- 18 to 237 +/- 27 ml/min, p <0.05). The concentration of hippurate and thalamate in the blood remained remarkably constant while the excretion of the tracers by the poststenotic kidney diminished and renal retention of I-123-hippurate was seen on the renogram. In 2 dogs, the experiments were repeated during mannitol infusion. In that situation, there was a much smaller decrease of poststenotic UV and GFR whereas ERPF even showed a small increase comparable to the RBF changes. These results suggest that the dramatic decreases in thalamate and hippurate excretion of the poststenotic kidney after acute ACE-inhibition are not due to a similarly dramatic fall in GFR or ERPF but mainly to tubular retention of the tracers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-231
Number of pages6
JournalNephron
Volume60
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb-1992

Keywords

  • RENOVASCULAR HYPERTENSION
  • HIPPURATE
  • ACE INHIBITION
  • RENOGRAPHY
  • CONVERTING-ENZYME-INHIBITION
  • GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION RATE
  • RENOVASCULAR HYPERTENSION
  • ARTERY STENOSIS
  • CAPTOPRIL
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • FLOW

Cite this